Comics as COVID-19 Response: Visualising the Experience of Video-conferencing with Ageing Relatives

A Panel from Wilkins, Peter; Priego, Ernesto (2020): A Comic Visualising the Experience of Video-conferencing with Aging Parents During the COVID-19 Pandemic. City, University of London. Figure. https://doi.org/10.25383/city.12348959.v1

Art by Peter Wilkins. Wilkins, Peter; Priego, Ernesto (2020): A Comic Visualising the Experience of Video-conferencing with Aging Parents During the COVID-19 Pandemic. City, University of London. Figure. https://doi.org/10.25383/city.12348959.v1

 

“Comics as COVID-19 Response: Visualising the Experience of Video-conferencing with Ageing Relatives” was published on Friday 12 June 2020 in the COVID-19 response blog section of ACM Interactions Magazine https://interactions.acm.org/blog/view/comics-as-covid-19-response-visualizing-the-experience-of-videoconferencing.

ACM Interactions is published bi-monthly by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the largest educational and scientific computing society in the world. Interactions is the flagship magazine for the ACM’s Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction (SIGCHI), with a global circulation that includes all SIGCHI members. We are honoured our article (and comic!) will also appear in the print version of the July-August issue of the magazine.

We worked on this article in response to the magazine’s Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic invitation.

I’d like to extend my gratitude to Alex Taylor, Daniela Rosner, Mikael Wiberg and John Stanik.

The comic we discuss in the article can be viewed, downloaded, shared and cited from figshare as:

Wilkins, Peter; Priego, Ernesto (2020): A Comic Visualising the Experience of Video-conferencing with Aging Parents During the COVID-19 Pandemic. City, University of London. Figure. https://doi.org/10.25383/city.12348959.v1

We have deposited the accepted manuscript (adding an abstract to facilitate discovery and archiving) in City Research Online and can be downloaded from https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24428/.

#IGNCC20 Workshop: Ambiguity, Empathy and Narrative Co-Design: The User Experience of Reading Dementia Care Comic

 

 

IGNCC2020 Banner

 

Our synchronous workshop at the International Graphic Novels and Comics Conference is today Thursday 2 July 2020, Session T7, 16:00hrs BST. We have included all the relevant information below.

Ernesto Priego, Peter Wilkins & Simon Grennan – Workshop: Ambiguity, Empathy and Narrative Co-Design: The User Experience of Reading Dementia Care Comic

Conference Workshop Twitter hashtags:  #IGNCC20 #woripr

Link to join synchronous session on Thursday 2 July 2020 on Room 02 16:00hrs BST: https://eu.bbcollab.com/collab/ui/session/guest/1e708bf0b8cf4fa6a4ce9a1cb79ac2ea

Materials on figshare: https://doi.org/10.25441/arts.12579731.v1

Full conference information including programme: https://internationalgraphicnovelandcomicsconference.com/igncc-2020/

We all have had too much screen time. But if you are curious the materials are there on figshare to peruse in your own time.

I Know How This Ends: Stories of Dementia Care Out Now

I KNow How This Ends: Stories of Dementia Care (2020) - coverParables of Care is an international collaborative project that explores the potential of co-designed comics to enhance the impact of dementia care research led by Dr Ernesto Priego, Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design, City, University of London.

Today we are pleased to announce the release of a new output in the Parables of Care series:  I Know How This Ends: Stories of Dementia Care (2020).  This is the second volume in a series that started with Parables of Care: Creative Responses to Dementia Care (2017).

Drawn by Peter Wilkins and Melissa Martins, edited by Ernesto Priego and designed by Simon Grennan,  I Know How This Ends is a 16-page comic book resulting from collaborative narrative research and co-design sessions with participants.

The book presents, in synthesised form, stories crafted from narrative data collected via interviews with professional caregivers, educators, and staff at Douglas College in Vancouver, Canada, who have cared for relatives and people with dementia in hospital.

The previous volume employed the form of the parable to tell individual stories based in real-life cases as told by carers. As the foreword explains, this new comic is structured like a classical Greek tragedy – with a prologue, three episodes, and an epilogue –because the stories the team worked with had the elements of tragedy: inevitability, stratagems to avoid fate that merely bring it on, and catharsis of negative emotions.

The intention of the book is to show the importance of feeling in care-giving, the professional aspects of which are sometimes at odds with the family systems aspect of dementia.

As we state in the foreword, by 2030, 82 million people are anticipated to have dementia and 152 million by 2050. With this project we aim to continue making a contribution to widen the dissemination of one of the key challenges of our time, following user-centred design and narrative research design methods.

  I Know How This Ends: Stories of Dementia Care  can be downloaded as a PDF file, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, from

As this is a publication made for print please note the PDF file is 130MB; mobile users might prefer to download it and view it from a laptop or desktop.

The free print version of the comic is already available and you can request free copies via this form.

We look forward to hearing what you think.

 

Parables of Care in the City Interaction Lab Podcast

In the inaugural episode of the City Interaction Lab podcast hosted by Stuart Scott and Ernesto Priego talk about graphic medicine with Dr Simon Grennan (University of Chester) and Peter Wilkins (Douglas College, Vancouver Canada).

The episode discusses the work co-designing the comics ‘Parables of Care‘ and ‘I Know How This Ends’ centred on dementia care.  These complementary issues shine the light on those living with dementia and their carers.

If you are interested in how comics can be incorporated into your design practice then this is one not to miss!

 

Opening track: The Learning Experience, courtesy of Martin Eve. © Martin Eve.


Parables of Care explores the potential of comics to enhance the impact of dementia care research.

The 16-page publication presents in comics form true stories of creative responses to dementia care, as told by carers, adapted from a group of over 100 case studies available at http://carenshare.city.ac.uk.

Parables of Care can be downloaded as a PDF file, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, from

If you work in a library, hospital, GP practice or care home- or care for someone with dementia in the UK, you can order a free copy of Parables of Care here: in the UK you can request printed copies at no cost here.

From the original post at https://blogs.city.ac.uk/hcidcomicsgames/2019/12/09/launching-the-interaction-lab-podcast/

The audio file of the podcast has also been deposited in City Figshare. Citation:

Priego, Ernesto; Scott, Stuart; Wilkins, Peter; Grennan, Simon (2019): City Interaction Lab Podcast – Episode 1 – Discussing Graphic Medicine and Co-Designed Comics – Parables of Care. City, University of London. Media. https://doi.org/10.25383/city.11347799.v1

Research Comics Co-Design Lecture and Relatos de Cuidado Book Launch in Mexico City

 

 

poster relatos de cuidado UAM, Mexico, 6 september 2019

On Friday 6 September 2019 Dr Ernesto Priego will give a guest lecture at the Centre for Languages, Universidad Autónoma de México Azcapotzalco, Mexico City, Mexico.

The lecture’s title is “Co-Designing Comics Created by Research Projects Participants. The Case of a Dementia Care Comic”.

This lecture will also include the official launch of the Parables of Care Spanish version, Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (London: City, University of London. ISBN 978-1-5272-4314-9.  http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22595/).

Printed comics of the Spanish language edition will be distributed freely to participants.

The session will be chaired by José Hernández-Riwes, CELEX, UAM Azcapotzalco.

Below, the extended abstract in Spanish.

 

Cover of Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019)

Cover of Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019)

 

Resumen

 

Co-diseño de comics creados por participantes de proyectos de investigación.

El caso de un proyecto de co-diseño de cómics sobre cuidado de la demencia.

 

Dr Ernesto Priego

Centre for Human Computer Interaction Design

City, University of London

UAM Azcapotzalco, CELEX, Sala D 001, Viernes 6 de septiembre de 2019, 13:00 a 14:30 hrs.

Esta presentación explorará, a través de dos proyectos específicos lidereados por el autor (Grennan, Priego,Sperandio,and Wilkins 2017), el potencial del co-diseño de cómics para adaptar los resultados de investigación académica, y el modo en que estos proyectos se insertan dentro de una tendencia más amplia (McNicol 2019).

Se discutirá cómo los métodos de co-diseño ce cómics centrados en el usuario son también un método de investigación en sí mismo. Aunque la presentación describirá la metodología y las lecciones aprendidas durante un proyecto internacional e interdisciplinario específico (la demencia senil), el objetivo de la plática es compartir técnicas prácticas de creación e investigación aplicables a una gran variedad de temas.

El caso específico que guiará la presentación será el de un proyecto internacional para la creación de cómics sobre el cuidado de la demencia senil: por sus títulos traducidos al español,  Relatos de cuidado: respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego,Sperandio,and Wilkins 2017; 2019) y Sé cómo termina esto: un tragicómic sobre el cuidado de la demencia senil (en proceso- ver Wilkins, 2019).

La presentación describirá el proceso de co-diseño de estos cómics y cómo se pueden utilizar en la educación médica o sobre la salud. Estos cómics son el resultado de la colaboración internacional, interdisciplinaria.

Se explorará cómo el proyecto ha concluido que una comprensión estética del efecto de la demencia senil puede ayudar a cuidar y educar a los estudiantes a la vez que da voz a las personas que cuidan a las personas que viven con demencia. Debido a que este afecto implica una interacción de registros de la realidad, cada cómic ha lidiado con la forma y el género apropiados: el proyecto de co-diseño busca descubrir, colaborativamente con los participantes,  qué tipos específicos  de cómics, en lugar de cómics en general, pueden revelar aspectos que de otro modo permanecerían invisibles.

Tras mostrar y describir las particularidades de método y resultados de ambos cómics, se discutirá cómo ambos proyectos dan voz en forma de narrativa gráfica al  participante cuya experiencia se busca comunicar, incluidos familiares y otros pacientes, quienes son los afectados directamente por las problemáticas cubiertas. La evidencia muestra que estos cómics, co-diseñados con los afectados, pueden mejorar algunos de los efectos de la condición al procesar y hacer accesibles los sentimientos relacionados con la demencia senil de manera específica. Las lecciones son ampliamente aplicables a otros temas, no sólo de salud.

La plática incluirá el lanzamiento oficial  la edición en español de Relatos de cuidado, publicada en colaboración con el CELEX, y se distribuirán gratuitamente  ejemplares tanto de dicha versión en español como la original en  inglés.

Créditos

Esta presentación mostrará, en español, los resultados del trabajo en proceso de un equipo internacional e interdisciplinario de colaboradores. El equipo incluye a

  • Peter Wilkins, Research and Innovation Coordinator, Douglas College, Canada
  • Marie-Pier Caron, Bachelor of Science Nursing Program, Douglas College, Canada
  • Simon Grennan, Department of Art and Design,  University of Chester, UK
  • Ruhina Rana, Bachelor of Science Nursing Program, Douglas College
  • Abi Roper, Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design, City University of London, UK

El autor agradece a todo el equipo su generosidad y colaboración.

 

Referencias

Grennan, S., Priego, E., Sperandio, C. and Wilkins, P. (2017) Parables of Care. Creative Responses to Dementia Care, As Told by Carers. UK: City, University of London, University of Chester, Douglas College. ISBN 978-1-5272-1200-8. Disponible en http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/18245/

Priego, E., Grennan, S., Sperandio, C. and Wilkins, P. (2019). Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia. London: City, University of London. ISBN 978-1-5272-4314-9.  http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22595/.

Sarah McNicol, (2019) “Using participant-created comics as a research method”, Qualitative Research Journal, Vol. 19 Issue: 3, pp.236-247, https://doi.org/10.1108/QRJ-D-18-00054

Wilkins, P. (2019) Comics, Affect, and Immediacy: Presentation at the West North-Western Region Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing. Parables of Care blog. City, University of London. 8 de marzo del 2019 Disponible en https://blogs.city.ac.uk/parablesofcare/2019/03/08/presentation-at-the-west-north-western-region-canadian-association-of-schools-of-nursing/.

 

Relatos de cuidado: Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia – Parables of Care Spanish Version is Out Now Online

Cover of Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019)

Cover of Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019)

Parables of Care. Creative Responses to Dementia Care, As Told by Carers is a research-based comic book originally published in English in October 2017.

In January 2019 we released a German version, Parabeln der Pflege. Kreative Reaktionen in der Demenzpflege, von Pflegenden erzählt, translated by Dr Andrea Hacker.

We are now pleased to announce that the Spanish version of Parables of Care is now available as an open access PDF via City Research Online:

Priego, E., Grennan, S., Sperandio, C. and Wilkins, P. (2019). Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia. London: City, University of London. ISBN 978-1-5272-4314-9.  http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22595/.

The Spanish translation is by Dr Ernesto Priego.

Two sample panels below.

Panels 2 and 3 from "Sola", in Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019:4)

Panels 2 and 3 from “Sola”, in Relatos de cuidado. Respuestas creativas al cuidado de la demencia (Grennan, Priego, Sperandio, Wilkins 2019:4)

Special thanks to Spanish language peer reviewers and testers Natalia Rodríguez, Sabrina Motta and José Hernández-Riwes (Coordinación de estudios de lenguas extranjeras, UAM Azcapotzalco, México).

Our gratitude as well to Ruhina Rana and Marie-Pier Caron (Faculty of Health Sciences, Douglas College, Vancouver, Canada), Abi Roper (Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design, City, University of London), Andrea Hacker (University of Bern, Switzerland) and all the workshop and conference participants who provided feedback, encouragement and inspiration.

A printed edition will be freely available and will be officially launched in Mexico at CELEX UAM Azcapotzalco, México on 6th September 2019. Details to follow.

The original English version, Parables of Care, can be downloaded as a PDF file, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, from

If you work in a library, hospital, GP practice or care home- or care for someone with dementia in the UK, you can order a free copy of Parables of Care here: in the UK you can request printed copies at no cost here.

Find out about other translations here.

If you would like to suggest a translation into a different language, and you can help us translate it, please contact us.

On the Aesthetic Education of Caregivers: Presentation Report from #GM2019

The City, University of London and Douglas College, Canada research team collaborating on comics and creativity for healthcare were present at the Graphic Medicine 2019 international conference in Brighton, UK, hosted by the Brighton and Sussex Medical School, 11-13 July 2019.

The title of this fully multidisciplinary conference this year was Queerying Graphic Medicine – Paradigms, Power and Practices.

A full report of the conference is outside the remit of this blog post. However, you can catch up with the conference hashtag on Twitter- to make that easier I created a searchable archive of the #GM2019 tweets here. There’s some excellent photos, sketches, comics, links and information that give a rich collective view of what went on. Artist and illustrator Tony Pickering also published his review on his blog here.

Abi Roper (City)  Marie-Pier Caron (Douglas), Ruhina Rana (Douglas), Peter Wilkins (Douglas) and myself (City) presented in a panel in the Paradigms Panel at Room M2 on Friday 12 July 2019, from 4 to 5:30 pm. The title of the session was “On the Aesthetic Education of Caregivers. The Specificities of Form and Genre in Comics about Dementia Care”.

The presentation slides have been deposited on figshare and can be downloaded under a CC-By license as

Priego, E., Wilkins, P., Roper, A., Caron, M., et al. (2019) On the Aesthetic Education of Caregivers. The Specificities of Form and Genre in Comics about Dementia Care. Presentation. [Online]. Available from: doi: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.8863448. [Accessed: 16 July 2019].

The audience included health care professionals, academics and artists also working on dementia, aphasia and mental care, with the conversation between audience and presenters extending beyond the Q&A and the session allocated time and offering a valuable networking opportunity to continuing or initiating further collaborations. We were all very grateful for the attentive and engaged audience who attended our session, and for their important questions and feedback.

The team also distributed free copies of both Parables of Care and the INCA Project‘s MakeWrite poetry booklet (in a limited and numbered edition handmade by Abi Roper specially for the conference). This happened both at the panel session itself and throughout the whole conference thanks to the generosity of the Waterstones table (Richard- if you read this, thank you!).

Table at conference panel room

Conference Waterstones table

The Brighton conference was a unique opportunity for the team to work together (for once not mediated by computers nor geographically separated by the 7,573 km distance between Vancouver and London, UK), to get to know each other better and strengthen our research ties. Though Simon Grennan was unfortunately unable to make it due to work commitments, he was in touch with us throughout and before the conference had ended he had already shared with us the proofs for the Parables of Care Spanish translation, which we will release before the end of the Summer. (We missed you, Simon!)

Priego, Roper, Caron, Rana, Wilkins at GM2019

Left to Right: Priego, Roper, Caron, Rana, Wilkins

The conference provided plenty of further evidence that our previous and ongoing work fits within a larger, fully international and multidisciplinary, dynamic and exciting network of individuals and organisations focused on advancing the case for the use of comics and other multimodal storytelling media within healthcare. I think it is fair to say that all of us had the most fantastic, nurturing, fun and thought-provoking time.

Thank you very much to all the GM2019 organisers, as well as all our fellow presenters and attendees, for an incredible conference.

The GM2019 conference organisers announced the Graphic Medicine will return to Toronto next year. See you in Toronto for GM2020 maybe?

Parables of Care can be downloaded as a PDF file, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, from

If you work in a library, hospital, GP practice or care home- or care for someone with dementia in the UK, you can order a free copy of Parables of Care here: in the UK you can request printed copies at no cost here.

Dementia Care Comics Presentation at the 2019 CSSC/SCEBD Conference, Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of British Columbia

The Douglas College Dementia Care Comics Project is an extension of a partnership with City, University of London and Chester University that produced Parables of Care, a collection of four-panel strips in Yonkoma manga style that told the stories of UK caregivers’ ingenuity in solving dementia crises. The strips, drawn by comics artist and scholar Simon Grennan, were adapted from entries in City’s Share ‘n’ Care app for dementia caregivers.

Parables of Care was edited and adapted by Dr Simon Grennan (University of Chester) Dr Ernesto Priego (City, University of London) and Dr Peter Wilkins (Douglas College).  Parables of Care was drawn by Dr Simon Grennan with Christopher Sperandio.

Parables of Care is a project of the Centre for Human Comuter Interaction Design, City, University of London, The University of Chester, UK, and Douglas College, Vancouver, Canada. The project leader is Dr Ernesto Priego, Centre for Human Computer Interaction Design, City, University of London.

On behalf of Parables of Care, Dr Peter Wilkins will make a presentation about the Douglas Dementia Care Comics Project and Parables of Care in the 2019 CSSC/SCEBD conference, held as part of the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of British Columbia, Canada, June 4–5 2019. The program is also available as a PDF.

The Douglas Project is based on interviews with professional caregivers and students from the College’s Health Sciences faculty and other members of the college community. One of our most interesting discoveries has been the tension between professional and familial roles in Health Sciences faculty who have family members experiencing dementia. Our team, which includes Nursing faculty, Student Research Assistants, and an artist, has evaluated these interviews for structures and motifs in the dementia situation and we have begun the process of producing pages.

While the earlier project was modeled on the literary form of parable, the Douglas project emulates Greek Tragedy because of the way the interviews reflect on the inevitability of dementia’s progress once it has been diagnosed and the stratagems caregivers employ to forestall that inevitability. Because dementia is a family systems condition, we cast the primary familial caregiver as the tragic hero and the non-caregiving family members as the chorus. The prologue and exodus, meanwhile, are delivered in the voice of an experienced psychiatric nurse who is up to date on current techniques of working with dementia.

Peter will discuss their process and decision making, the rationale for choosing tragedy as a genre, and how this relates to theories of comics, remediation and adaptation, and graphic medicine.

Dr Peter Wilkins is the Research and Innovation Office Coordinator at Douglas College. As a comics scholar, he is an editor at The Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship, co-founder of the blog Graphixia: a Conversation about Comics, and is the author and co-author of several essays on comics theory and texts, including “The Question Concerning Comics as Technology: Gestell and Grid” (with Ernesto Priego), and “An Incomplete Project: Graphic Adaptations of Moby-Dick and the Ethics of Response.”

Parables of Care can be downloaded as a PDF file, under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, from

If you work in a library, hospital, GP practice or care home- or care for someone with dementia in the UK, you can order a free copy of Parables of Care here: in the UK you can request printed copies at no cost here.