Digital content is transforming our lives. It is becoming the standard medium through which people express themselves and access vital goods and services. However, many people struggle to engage with digital content. This includes people with aphasia, a language disorder most commonly caused by a stroke.
Aphasia, which affects 350,000 people in the UK, can affect people’s ability to speak, to understand speech, to read and to write. In severe cases, people may be able to speak only a few words or may have very limited ability to read and write.
The overall objective of the INCA project is to investigate, co-design and trial digital content creation and curation tools for people with aphasia. The research will focus on two broad groups of users: people who have significant language impairments as a consequence of their aphasia and people who have milder aphasia and therefore less severe language deficits.
The INCA project is addressing the issue of exclusion of people with language impairments, specifically acquired aphasia, from digital content creation and consumption.
The overall objective is to empower people with aphasia to create, curate and access digital content through innovative technologies; specific sub-objectives are:
- To investigate and create innovative prototype digital technologies that empower people with aphasia to become content creators, curators and consumers.
- To evaluate the accessibility, acceptability and usability of the technologies through community projects where groups of people with aphasia work together over extended periods of time to create and curate digital content.
- To assess the impact of using the technologies on people’s sense of well-being, social inclusion and technology use.
- To deliver digital content from the community projects that give people with aphasia an online digital presence.
- To develop co-design techniques that support the participation of people with aphasia in design.
- To contribute to interaction and content design guidelines for people with aphasia.
Part 1: Understanding the Context
The initial stages of the project will explore the needs, skills and desires of people with aphasia with regard to digital content creation and curation. This will involve usability and accessibility testing of existing tools, interviews and systematic literature review.
Part 2: A Tool for People with Mild to Moderate Aphasia
A series of six co-design workshops will explore the design of a content creation and curation technology for people with mild to moderate aphasia. The workshops will employ co-design techniques at each stage of the process.
Part 3: A Tool for People with Severe Aphasia
A second series of co-design workshops will explore content creation and curation for people with more severe aphasia. The workshops will focus on investigating blended and tangible technologies, merging the physical and digital worlds, where users interact via a range of physical and digital devices to create and refashion content.
Part 4: Evaluation and Community Projects
The prototype technologies will be utilised and evaluated in 2 community projects delivered in collaboration with the Stroke Association and Dyscover, and facilitated by a visual artist in residence. Project researchers will visit support groups for people with aphasia run by Dyscover and the Stroke Association to deliver the community projects.